After the Internet : Leonardo call for ideas on what will replace the internet

Leonardo Colleagues

OK how can Leonardo launch a publication for space tourists ? check out

As you will remember Leonardo was an early adopter of on-line publishing, Our fineart forum started in 1988 with ray lauzana’s brilliant initiative and the Leonardo web site was one of the first 400 web sites on the web in 1994.

Here follows , below, a brief history of some of Leonardo’s initiatives in digital culture enabled by the internet and pre internet thanks to a number of adventurous pioneers including Ray Lauzzana, Craig Harris, Judy Malloy, Paul Brown and Nisar Keshvani , the late Carl Loeffler and Roy Ascott ( if i forgot someone -eyell !) (history is cruel)

But what comes next in 50 years the internet will no longer exist what comes next ? we welcome ideas for how Leonardo could be an early adopter in the systems that will replace the internet

Joe Davis is working on art archiving using CRISPR technologies with George Church at Harvard….???? Should Leonardo start CRISPR publishing ?

The late Jean Marc Philippe unfortunately never got to launch KEO, a publishing project intended to return to earth in 50.000 years-– otherwise we would have the first Leonardo publication in geostationary orbit !

Vint Cerf in the 1990s with JPL tried to set up an interplanetary internet as he discussed at the Leonardo Space Arts Workshops in Paris in 1999-  

Sorry  Vint it never happened 20 years later – you are indeed a visionary

So what new initiatives should Leonardo start to pioneer in the post-internet era ? Leonardo started on-line publishing in 1988- almost 30 years ago-now is the time to pioneer again


Leonardo/OLATS is relaunching its space arts workshops under the leadership of Annick Bureaud, Jean Luc Soret and Ewen Chardronnet- what will space tourists read ? Leonardo get ready !! We welcome proposals for the first publications for space tourists. Ellon Musk will finance ?

Roger Malina

When Were We First on the World Wide Web?

By Danielle Siembieda

Today (12 March 2019) celebrates the 30th anniversary of the World Wide Web. Needless to say to say this historical moment was critical for Computer Art as it opened the door to a whole new movement of Net Art. Leonardo reserve a few bragging rights for being one of the first websites online. But the mystery of exactly when we launched on the internet, and what the first URL was, is still open for debate.

First, let us give our thanks to Craig Harris, Judy Malloy, Paul Brown and Nisar Keshvani for their pioneering work getting Leo online! Here is a break down of our digital timeline.


Leonardo’s first forays into digital publishing were two bulletin boards: FineArt Forum and F.A.S.T. These bulletin boards predate internet browsers and were accessed over various networks such as the Well, Compuserve and MCI. FineArt Forum, founded by Ray Lauzzana, had been distributed over academic networks since May 1987 through Bitnet, CSNET, ARPA, Internet and Janet, but was supported by Leonardo/ISAST beginning in 1998, when it was added to the WELL system under the Art Com Electronic Network (ACEN), operated by Carl Loeffler. At this time, ISAST begin publishing the subscription publication F.A.S.T, the Fine Art, Science and Technology Bulletin Board, also through the Well and MCI networks under ACEN, and was also available as a diskette!

The announcement below appears in the first issue of Leonardo in 1989 (Volume 22).

Leonardo on the Web 1989


In 1991 Leonardo published a special Art and Interactive Telecommunications issue with guest editors Roy Ascott and Carl Loeffler. An article by Leonardo Executive Editor Roger Malina, “Fineart Forum and F.A.S.T.: Experiments in Electronic Publishing in the Arts,” presents an account of Leonardo/ISAST’s early digital presence.


Leonardo Electronic Almanac issue 1

1993 launched the Leonardo Electronic Almanac under founder and editor-in-chief Craig Harris. Early LEA was distributed by electronic mail. An essay by Craig Harris, “Historical Perspective: Leonardo Electronic Almanac,” that recounts the beginnings of LEA was published in LEA in 2010.


The Leonardo On-Line website was founded in 1994 and was, according to ISAST lore, one of the first 400 websites on the internet! The URL first appeared in Leonardo journal issue 1 of 1995: http:/ [we think the missing slash is sic but the dash is correct]. Was this the first URL? What did the site look like? The ISAST office doesn’t have records!

1994 also brought the first hyperlinked issue of FineArt Forum. You can read an archived version of that issue HERE. In the editorial, fAf editor Paul Brown wrote: “This issue will be the first to appear with full hyperlinking…. Who needs to read when you can point and click?”


Leonardo in the McKinley Yellow Pages 1995
McKinley Group Internet Yellow Pages 1995

Leonardo On-Line and the Leonardo Electronic Almanac were listed in this 1995 version of the McKinley Internet Yellow Pages paper directory. This was before Google Search! This listing also notes that LEA had moved to the World Wide Web at


The first screenshot we could find of the actual Leonardo On-Line landing page was in 1999, also hosted on MIT Press website.

Leonardo On-Line MIT Press 1999


At the beginning of the 21st century, we moved our URL to


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